& The Nobel Peace Prize
It's an irony of history that the most famous peace prize in the world was established
by a man who made a fortune from war.
Alfred Nobel was born in Stockholm, Sweden in 1833. He invented more than 350 patents, and he also wrote poetry and plays. Nobel's most famous invention was dynamite. He created dynamite to help construction of roads and railways, but the product soon became a devastating weapon. Nobel became reluctantly known as the "merchant of death." When Nobel died in 1896, he surprisingly allocated most of his vast fortune to a group of prizes for major achievements in physics, chemistry, medicine, literature, and peace.
The first Nobel Peace Prize was awarded in 1901, and is awarded annually on December 10th. The Nobel Peace Prize is decided upon by a committee appointed by the Norwegian parliament and awarded to the person or organization that "shall have done the most or the best work for fraternity between nations, for the abolition or reduction of standing armies and for the holding of peace congresses."
If you are fortunate enough to meet a Nobel Peace Laureate, you may be surprised to find that these world-famous people often came from humble beginnings and share a common and courageous commitment to creating a more just and peaceful world. We invite you to get to know the 13 world leaders for peace who are members of PeaceJam.